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Tax Loss Harvesting

Has the stock market decimated your portfolio too? Yeah, us too. Fortunately, there’s something called tax loss harvesting and it can help anyone get a little edge on the recovery. The idea behind tax loss harvesting is that you sell a particular holding, take the capital loss, and then immediately invest it in something similar but not the same as the original holding. By doing this, you “harvest” some of your losses to offset gains or ordinary income, and by investing in a similar but not a “substantially identical security,” you also benefit from the recovery. The key in this strategy is that you invest the tax savings, from the loss, back with the original sum.

Some words of advice on tax loss harvesting:

Why Tax Loss Harvesting Works

Let’s consider the scenario where a fund has dropped 10%, the investor opts to harvest losses and immediately invests in a fund that closely mimics the original fund. Both the original fund and the new fund appreciate by 11.1%. The investor invested $10,000 and is in the 25% tax bracket. Who wins?

Does not tax loss harvest: This scenario is simple, the investor has effectively had no change because the original fund has return to its original value. He sells and has no capital gains or losses.
Does tax loss harvest: The fund fell in value from $10,000 to $9,000 and the investor does some tax loss harvesting to extract the $1,000 in loss. The $1,000, come tax time, will yield him $250 in tax savings. He reinvests the $9,250 into a similar but not “substantially similar” fund and it appreciates by 11.1% to $10,276.75. When he sells, he pays taxes on $1026.75 of capital gains – or $256.69. Subtract that from his $10,276.75 and he’s left with $10,020.06, which is $20.06 ahead of what he had if he hadn’t harvested losses.

Tax Loss Harvesting with Placeholders

Let’s say that you really like a particular mutual fund, your brokerage doesn’t offer anything similar, and you aren’t about to open up another account at another brokerage just to do this tax loss harvest. A potential option is to use exchange traded funds (ETFs) as a placeholder for the wash rule period. Sell your loss, buy into an ETF, wait 31 days, then sell the ETF and get back into your fund. By selecting a similar ETF, you can catch any rises in the industry without sitting on the sidelines.

Please consult with an accountant to clarify your particular situation before doing anything I’ve talked about here.

(Photo: tonivc [5])